Addressing Health Disparities in NIDDK Diseases (R01)
There are many diseases and disorders that disproportionately affect the health of underserved populations in the United States. African-Americans, Hispanic Americans, American Indians, Alaska Natives, AsianAmericans, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders, and rural populations experience much higher risks of and poorer health status than the majority population. Several of the diseases that disproportionately afflict underserved populations are high priority research areas for the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The NIDDK seeks research to improve understanding of the causes of disparities in health and disability in the United States and reducing/eliminating health disparities directly related to the scientific areas within the mission of the NIDDK http://www2.niddk.nih.gov/Research/ScientificAreas/default.htm.
- Health Disparity: as defined by Healthy People 2020, is “a particular type of health difference that is closely linked with social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantage. Health disparities adversely affect groups of people who have systematically experienced greater obstacles to health based on their racial or ethnic group; religion; socioeconomic status; gender; age; mental health; cognitive, sensory, or physical disability; sexual orientation or gender identity; geographic location; or other characteristics historically linked to discrimination or exclusion.”
- Health Equity: as defined by Healthy People 2020, is the “attainment of the highest level of health for all people. Achieving health equity requires valuing everyone equally with focused and ongoing societal efforts to address avoidable inequalities, historical and contemporary injustices, and the elimination of health and health care disparities.”